What are the basic principles of landscape design Update 2022 : Know More


Landscape design principles are guidelines or tools that designers use to create attractive, pleasing, and comfortable landscapes. The principles of landscape design are proportion, order, repetition,contrast, color and unity. Whether you intend to “borrow ideas” or create your own custom landscape design, you must understand the fundamental principles of landscape design. Understanding these landscape design principles will boost your creativity and help you generate new ideas.


Balance is simply the perception of equality. In design, there are two types of balance: symmetrical balance and asymmetrical balance. In symmetrical balance, the two sides of the landscape are identical, whereas in asymmetrical balance, the landscape composition is balanced using different elements and objects with nearly identical imaginary weight.


The size of an object in relation to other objects in the landscape is referred to as its proportion. It is critical to consider the proportions of plants and hardscapes.


The organisation and balance of a landscape are referred to as order. The more formal symmetrical balance or the informal asymmetrical balance can be used to create order in your yard.

Harmony and contrast

Contrast draws attention to specific elements in your design, whereas harmony makes elements in a landscape composition appear unified. When contrasted elements are placed next to each other, they draw the viewer’s attention. The juxtaposition of any art element or the use of complementary colours side by side achieves contrast and harmony.


Color gives your landscape design depth and dimension. Warm colours (for example, red and orange) appear to advance towards you, making an object appear closer. Cool colours, such as blues and greens, appear to move away from you. The colours blue and green are used to create perspective.


The goal of repetition in the landscape is to create predictable and familiar patterns and sequences. This can be accomplished by repeating landscape design elements or specific features throughout the space.


Transition simply refers to a gradual change. In a landscape design, transition is demonstrated by gradually changing plant size or color intensity. Transition can also be applied to the texture, shape, and size of various elements.


Line is the mother of all landscape design elements. Lines can be found almost anywhere, including beds, entryways, walkways, texture, and perspective. Lines can also be used to create the illusion of depth and distance.

Plant in Large Quantities

While there is much to be said for the cottage garden, with its rich array of varied planting, there is a power to seeing a large quantity of one plant that is genuinely affecting. “The most striking and satisfying visual pleasure comes from the repetition or massing of one simple element,” said Russell Page, one of the great twentieth-century landscape designers. Consider the Parthenon with each column made of a different type of marble!”


Landscape design is used to create a functional and aesthetically pleasing outdoor living space. A landscape designer will use a variety of elements such as trees, plants, shrubs, water, soil, elevation, and hardscaping features to create this space. To make sure all these different elements come together perfectly a landscaper will utilise these 10 key principles of landscape design.

Written by Upasna Sharma

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