diesel V6 & 2 electric
lbs per hp
(from Citroen Press
PASSION AND REASON
Citroën is unveiling C-Métisse at the 2006 Paris Motor Show. Through
this concept car, inspired by passion and reason, the Marque is
exploring new paths dedicated to automotive pleasure. C-Métisse is a
coupé of character, boasting a high level of on-board comfort and
performance, while also respecting the environment.
With its elegant proportions, flamboyant bodywork, spectacular door
design and extensive chrome, this elegant 4-seater 4-door coupe
revives a passion for the most prestigious Grand Touring vehicles.
C-Métisse is not only a car to stir the soul of the onlooker. It
also boasts real driving sensations with a driving position
featuring the latest technologies, and a specially designed
high-performance diesel hybrid drivetrain.
C-Métisse is based on the same future-oriented solution as the C4
HDi hybrid demonstration vehicle presented by Citroën at the start
of the year apart from one key difference: the electric motors are
installed in the rear wheels. This configuration is coherent with
vehicle performance and optimises traction. Perfectly suited to the
character of C-Métisse, the design reflects Citroën's expertise in
the various hybrid architectures, as well as demonstrating its
commitment to cutting fuel consumption and CO2 emissions.
A high-spec vehicle, C-Métisse also places considerable emphasis on
passenger comfort. The vast cabin features three exceptionally comfy
seats upholstered in white leather.
C-MÉTISSE, NEW EMOTIONS AND DRIVING SENSATIONS
Everything about C-Métisse identifies it as a car to stir the soul.
Its elegant proportions and flowing lines embody a harmonious design
with a promise of power. The fascinating opening mechanism of the
doors makes the observer want to step on board. The driving pleasure
and comfort of the driver and three passengers are ensured by the
premium materials used in cabin design, the exceptionally comfy
individual seats and the sophisticated in-car technology.
A coupé of elegant design
Looking at C-Métisse is a visual shock in itself. Long (4.74 m),
wide (2 m) and low (1.24 m), the car is sculptural and almost
intimidating. It demands immediate respect. However, far from
creating a sense of distance between the onlooker and the car, this
respect is mingled with an irresistible appeal, an absolute
Whether we're looking at the rear wheel arches, the bonnet or even
the boot, an astonishing sensuality is reflected in the car's
curving, sleekly muscled volumes.
The seduction of C-Métisse is also expressed through a sense of
latent power. Even when stationary, the body suggests movement. With
its very long bonnet and virtually inexistent rear overhang,
C-Métisse brings to mind the design balance of vehicles seen during
the golden age of Grand Touring.
The design lines of C-Métisse also reflect the quest for outstanding
aerodynamics, delivering improved fuel economy and lower pollutant
emissions while also integrating the latest technological
developments. Positioned either side of the double chevron badge on
the radiator grille, the headlamps are equipped with a row of LEDs
that light up progressively, depending on the steering-wheel angle
and vehicle speed. This feature ensures excellent lighting when
driving on winding roads by night. At the same time, the Michelin
tyres with their central wheel nuts contribute to the sporting
character of the coupé. More specifically, the development of these
tyres was integrated with the vehicle design process, in order to
optimise resistance to air and thus contribute to the vehicle's
excellent drag coefficient (Cd of 0.30).
Spectacular door design and easy access
C-Métisse implements a number of astonishing technical solutions,
particularly in terms of door design.
The first surprise is the presence of rear doors on a vehicle that
is nevertheless the embodiment of a well designed coupé.
The second lies in the ballet that takes place when the doors open,
extending an impressive welcome to passengers: the front doors open
gull-wing style while the rear doors spin round.
Looking beyond the stunning visual effect, this is actually an
efficient solution for easy access. The doors rise up slightly on
the roof – a major obstacle when getting into extremely low vehicles
– to provide outstanding accessibility.
The parallelogram boot opening also contributes to the overall looks
of the car.
A driving position adapted to the driver
The driving position takes full advantage of technological progress
to integrate functions that allow the driver to concentrate fully on
the road, while also maximising driving pleasure.
The following equipment is provided:
- a fixed-centred controls steering wheel that brings the main
comfort functions and driving aids (radio, speed limiter, on-board
computer, lighting, indicators and windscreen wiper) within easy
reach. This layout, along with the steering-wheel mounted gear
paddles, avoids any unnecessary movements on the part of the driver,
who is able to enjoy driving pleasure to the full;
- contact and start-up buttons on the roof console, reinforcing the
sensation of being in a fighter jet;
- a driving position corresponding to the optimum position of the
driver's eye, with a single height adjustment to match this point; a
suspended head restraint anchored to the roof, and two rest
electrical functions to adjust the leather steering wheel and
aluminium pedal assembly. This innovative layout optimises the
driving position while maintaining space for passengers in the back.
This high-tech equipment perfectly matches the design of the driving
position whose original central console is divided by five
extensions. Positioned between these extensions are the aluminium
gear shift lever and other functions including the navigation system
controls; seat, steering wheel and pedal assembly adjustment; boot
controls, body height adjustment and the sport mode of the
The central console extends into the cabin via three illuminated
strips featuring a play of light that informs passengers of the
current mode of hybrid propulsion (ZEV, recharge, boost, etc.). This
play of light is accompanied by sound effects that are perceptible
as soon as the doors are opened. These sounds accompany certain
driver actions (getting behind the wheel, starting the car,
navigation in the on-board computer) and indicate the deployment of
the aerodynamic airfoils. With these features, C-Métisse comes
alive. It transcends the usual coldness of high-tech objects to take
on a form of existence that is almost "animal" in nature.
A high-spec passenger compartment
Upholstered in white leather, the space reserved for the three
passengers features an uncluttered design that creates an atmosphere
of total relaxation.
Through their design, the three independent seats suggest comfort
and lightness. This impression is reinforced by the airy shapes and
hollowed volumes of the cabin, in which the leather trim and
aluminium inserts clearly confirm C-Métisse as belonging to the
world of exceptional cars.
For truly exceptional passenger comfort, each seat has independent
air conditioning controls – stamped into the leather door panels –
along with individual roof lighting.
C-Métisse makes full use of its generous wheel base (3 m). The space
provided for rear passengers is exceptional for this type of
vehicle. Knee room, in particular, corresponds to limousine
With its leather trim, the luggage compartment is coordinated with
the passenger compartment. In addition to the boot, with its
parallelogram opening, the passengers of C Métisse have two other
compartments behind the wheels to place the line of Citroën luggage
designed exclusively for this concept.
REMARKABLE LEVELS OF PERFORMANCE THAT RESPECT
The intelligent design of C-Métisse combines:
- a diesel hybrid drivetrain
- optimised aerodynamics
- limited weight.
As a result, it is able to combine remarkable levels of performance
with fuel economy and respect for the environment.
Diesel hybrid technology serving the environment, driving
pleasure and safety
C-Métisse features a diesel hybrid drivetrain combining:
- a diesel combustion engine: the V6 HDi DPFS, mated to a 6-speed
automatic gearbox developing 150 kW (208 bhp) that drives the front
- two electric motors in the rear wheels, each developing torque of
400 Nm with output of 15 kW (20 bhp).
With its diesel hybrid technology, C-Métisse respects the
environment. This is particularly true in the city in ZEV (Zero
Emission Vehicle) mode – an "extended'", completely silent
all-electric mode with a range of around 3 km at 30 kph – as well as
on roads demanding successive acceleration and deceleration. In this
second case, the hybrid architecture makes it possible to limit
consumption by using the two forms of energy together.
On motorways, the V6 HDi diesel combustion engine with a DPFS
(particulate filter) sets high standards of efficiency, based on its
By controlling fuel consumption and thus pollutant emissions, C-
Métisse boasts combined cycle consumption levels of 6.5 l/100 km for
CO² emissions of 174 g/km.
No sacrifices have been made in terms of driving pleasure, which
remains a key priority for motorists. If the driver makes prolonged
use of the accelerator pedal, the boost function kicks in to provide
the immediate torque required. This function combines the torque of
the combustion engine with that of the electric motors to endow
C-Métisse with a level of performance worthy of a high-spec sports
vehicle, without pushing up fuel consumption. C Métisse accelerates
from 0 to 100 kph in 6.2 seconds and takes 25.4 seconds to cover
1,000 m from a standing start.
Rather than pursuing the quest for ever higher speeds that are not
practicable in normal traffic conditions, the emphasis has been
placed on driving pleasure with clean, fast acceleration. For
example, C-Métisse accelerates from 80 to 120 kph in 4.2 seconds.
Also, the vehicle remains in 4-wheel drive mode while the boost
function is active, since the electric motors drive the rear wheels
while the combustion engine drives the front wheels. Thus ensuring
Also, when the ESP sensors report low grip conditions, C-Métisse can
activate its electric motors and thus adopt a 4-wheel drive
configuration. The electric motors deliver improved traction and
ensure full use of the potential of C-Métisse in all conditions and
in complete safety.
Alongside the engine and motors, the drivetrain comprises a pack of
high-voltage batteries supplying the electric motors. Positioned in
the centre of the vehicle, the pack is recharged by the electric
motors during deceleration phases, thus converting the vehicle's
kinetic energy into electric energy.
The drivetrain and braking control unit – the nerve centre of the
system – automatically manages the energy configuration: transition
from 2- to 4-wheel drive, energy recovery and recharging of
Aerodynamics optimised to combine high standards of performance
with respect for the environment
Special emphasis was placed on the aerodynamics and flowing design
of C-Métisse, these being key Citroën values. The objective was to
enhance the vehicle's dynamics, road manners and performance while
showing respect for the environment.
Far from being a gratuitous styling exercise, the forms of C-Métisse
combine visual appeal with dynamic efficiency. C-Métisse boasts a Cd
of 0.30 obtained by its taut, flowing lines, as well as by a series
of innovative features such as the enlarged air intakes at the
front, the flat underside of the car, the two retractable rear
airfoils and the rear fixed-fin spoiler. All these features play an
active role in reducing aerodynamic drag and lift, thus pushing the
car to the ground and improving roadholding.
Limited weight for performance and fuel economy
Particular efforts were made to reduce vehicle weight in order to
achieve both performance and fuel economy.
With its carbon body and carbon trellis supporting the powertrain
and front axle, C-Métisse weighs just 1,400 kg, batteries included.
A remarkable figure for a vehicle of this size.
The architecture of the diesel hybrid powertrain also contributes to
this result. The positioning of the electric motors in the rear
wheels and the position of the battery pack in the centre of the
vehicle distributes the weight perfectly between front and rear, for
improved road behaviour.
A car of astonishing style and equally astonishing performance
with its diesel hybrid powerplant, C-Métisse combines the concept of
ecology with automotive emotions and sensations. Through its ability
to challenge received ideas, it illustrates an objective long
pursued by Citroën: to develop vehicles that reflect the spirit of
the times, without losing sight of the essential – driving pleasure.
Length: 4,740 mm
Width: 2,000 mm
Height: 1,240 mm
Wheelbase: 3,000 mm
Gross vehicle weight (GVW): 1,400 kg (batteries included)
• Performance and fuel consumption
0 to 400 m: 14.2 seconds
0 to 1,000 m: 25.4 seconds
0 - 100 kph: 6.2 seconds
30 - 60 kph: 1.9 seconds
80 - 120 kph: 4.2 seconds
Top speed: 250 kph
Combined consumption: 6.5 l/100 km
CO2 emissions: 174 g/km
• Diesel hybrid drivetrain
V6 HDi diesel engine developing 150 kW (208 bhp) with a DPFS and
6-speed automatic transmission
Two electric motors in the rear wheels:
- each with torque of 400 Nm
- and developing 15 kW (20 bhp)
ZEV mode (range of 3 km at 30 kph)
• Aerodynamic features
Enlarged air intakes at the front
Two retractable rear airfoils
Rear fixed-fin spoiler
CdA: 0.6 m²
Cl: – 0.1
• Running gear
Double wishbone suspension on all four wheels
Special Michelin tyres: 255/40/R20
• Main equipment
Fixed-centred controls steering wheel
6-speed gearbox, manual mode controlled by steering-wheel paddles,
or fully automatic mode controlled by a selection lever on the
Electrically adjustable steering wheel and pedal assembly
Aluminium wheels with a central nut