hp @ 9000 rpm
126.7 hp per liter
under 3.4 seconds
Press Release) Pininfarina is presenting a concept car
that renews the spirit and values of the extraordinary achievements
obtained under the leadership of Sergio Pininfarina, projecting them
into the future in the name of exclusivity, innovation and passion.
A concept car in line with the approach that has allowed Pininfarina
to generate a wealth of creations that have become car legends: the
ability to combine passion, creativity, intelligence, technology and
elegance in the continuity of the brand’s genetic code. A mixture of
aesthetic balance and elegant simplicity that last over time and
make all Pininfarina models long-lived and resistant to changes in
taste and fashion.
The new Pininfarina
concept car could only be called Sergio. It is an exercise that
Pininfarina decided to undertake on a brand that more than any other
has marked the history of Pininfarina: Ferrari. The name of Sergio
Pininfarina is inextricably linked to that union conceived 60 years
ago: the Sergio, therefore, will also celebrate the importance of
Pininfarina’s contribution to the history of Prancing Horse design.
A tribute that was immediately morally supported by Luca Montezemolo
and Ferrari as a whole.
The two-seater barchetta of the
With the Sergio you
enter the fascinating and exciting realm of the two-seater barchetta
as a unique and extreme object. Sportsmanship in the truest sense of
the joy of driving, the passion of those who view cars as an
unequalled source of excitement, the pleasure of admiring the
essentiality of a one-off car by Pininfarina.
The sports car theme is
built into Pininfarina: the fruitful collaboration with Ferrari
which began in 1952, has generated some of the most popular sports
cars of the postwar period. Returning to the charm of the two-seater
Ferrari, compact and very sporty, is moreover, the perfect base for
bonding Pininfarina’s past to the future. The Sergio’s mechanicals
are those of the 458 Spider, which remains unchanged in its
wheelbase and tracks. The formal interpretation, from which the
dynamic, fluid and pure volumes spring, is absolutely free, in the
best tradition of that Pininfarina design vision that has produced
so many Ferrari-based concept cars recognised over time as
masterpieces, such as the Mythos of 1989 and the Rossa of 2000. This
approach also reminds us of Pininfarina’s Ferrari-based custom-built
cars such as the Testarossa Spider made for Giovanni Agnelli in 1987
or the Ferrari F360 Modena Barchetta in 2000 for Luca Montezemolo.
The result is a modern,
organic view of the mid-rear-engined two-seater barchetta. The
willingness to revisit volumes and surface treatments in a
subliminal way emerges with the Sergio, which evokes the spirit of
Pininfarina’s best achievements for Ferrari of the ‘60s and ‘70s. A
radical object, unique and essential, which rejects the superfluous
and is performance-oriented. A real open air car with an explicit
nod to racing cars, in the sense that a cupola is not fitted to
protect occupants, for which two helmets are provided.
A realistic indeed quite possible
interpretation of a barchetta is a choice consistent with one of the
historical peculiarities of Pininfarina: mastery in the crafting of
exceptional car bodies, capable of stirring emotions and becoming a
future icon. The historical role of car body designers directed the
design team towards research not on a new, hypothetical product for
volume production, but on the creation of an exceptional object
capable of expressing the Pininfarina DNA imprint; its exclusivity
and development on the basis of a production car, in fact, places
the Sergio firmly in the tradition of the great Pininfarina one-offs
specifically designed for “special” clients, which makes it a real
car, not just a show car.
The design theme
The Sergio is
distinguished by a very simple and clear style, that becomes
memorable the moment you look at it. Proportions pushed to the
extreme, a dynamic front volume penetrating into a rear that is
projected forward, a sculpted, three-dimensional interpretation of
the typical barchetta. The composition of the two body masses
through a longitudinal black insert becomes the design’s guideline.
Two volumes that enfold from outside to inside the car, creating a
division/union line between back and front. Through the extremely
fluid passage from one body to another, a form that was homogeneous
in its accentuated muscularity was obtained.
The Sergio also
expresses an iconicity linked to ‘60s Ferraris proposing bulging and
sensual wings inspired by those of sports cars and racing cars of
that era, achieved by compacting all volume accessories as much as
possible. The extreme lightness of the Sergio, which appears to
float with the front up, is a direct result of aerodynamic research.
In the purest Pininfarina tradition, design is not an end in itself,
but integrates functionality and aesthetics. The front semi-floating
development with the spoiler under the front, expresses aesthetic
force and is at the same time functional for the stabilisation of
the aerodynamic load and the heat exchange. The aerodynamic
deflector in front of the cockpit also creates a virtual windscreen
through the deviation of the air flow, protecting the passengers
from turbulence. The roll bar, designed as a wing surface, is
perfectly tuned to the evolution of the flow coming from the front,
adding a further down force effect. Finally, the rear nolder and the
extractor close the design effectively and functionally. Still on
the subject of aerodynamics, even the rear-view mirror takes on a
fluid form that, given the flow of the front baffle, helps to divert
air from the heads of the passengers.
To enhance the formal
purity of the Pininfarina style criterion, all the technical parts
of the Sergio (handles, fins, air intake holes) are concentrated in
dark parts of the body, leaving the red painted parts free.
The formal harmony of
the side view is a strong feature of the Sergio, renewing the common
aesthetic denominator of many Ferraris by Pininfarina. In the
tradition of barchetta sports cars, the Sergio has no conventional
doors but half doors with vertical rotation opening for easy access
and contemporarily safeguarding the maximum rigidity of the
structure on the side, as in racing cars. The three-quarter front
view highlights the theme of the connections between floors and
different trends providing a feeling of processed continuity.
On the front, the Sergio
takes up and develops the Pininfarina’s traditional integration of
the headlights by projecting it into the future in a single
transparent transversal element, as in the Dino Berlinetta Speciale
1965. Adapted to the size and technology of our own times, this
element becomes an identifying mark, resulting in extremely clean
lines. In particular, the cylindrical projectors in aluminium use
LED technology and are embedded in a crystalline block of Plexiglas
that diffuses light.
The rear lights reinterpret the circular themes of Pininfarina-Ferrari
history transforming them into open functional elements whose forms
contemporaneously provide the lighting function and the hot exhaust
air coming out of the oil coolers.
The rear bonnet borrows the iconic round graphic holes of other
historical Pininfarina achievements and the same treatment is
applied to the transom to facilitate cooling of the engine
compartment and represents in the best possible way the absolute
perfection and timelessness inherent in Pininfarina DNA.
Since this is a
realistic car that could easily be produced in limited series, the
Sergio opted for the mechanicals of a completely re-bodied Ferrari
458 spider, maintaining the original technology and its performance.
For this reason, the interiors take all the functional parts of
existing series (dashboard, seat structure, centre console and
steering wheel). The interior is essential and functional and
develops as a natural extension of the external surfaces: the black
exterior slips into the car and creates the tank where the standard
technical components are integrated. Even the engine bonnet descends
inside, wrapping round the rear part of seats. The door panels
integrate the functions of the handle and armrest and are designed
as floating elements separate from the tank.
One innovative element
consists of the floating, aerodynamic headrest connected to the roll
bar rather than to the body of the seats, almost becoming elements
of the exterior than the interior. Besides ensuring maximum purity
of the lines, this solution also acts as head fairing in the rear.
In front of the door
panel, two helmets are housed in a small recess of the channel. Made
to a specific design of Pininfarina Extra in collaboration with
Newmax, the Sergio helmets are personalised with the colour of the
Colour and trim
The upholstery is mostly
covered with light gray antique-effect leather bound to seats in a
weaving technology textile with bronze details. These finishes match
the original titanium colour of the standard technical parts. The
fabrics on the seats are complemented by the insertion of metal
studs that recall the details of the exterior design theme.
The exterior crimson
colour, was inspired by the original red of the Dino Berlinetta
Speciale, very intense and deep, developing a modern version
including metallic particles and a multi-layer depth effect.
The rims represent a
contrasting element compared to the rest of the car. The delicate
surface of the body is contrasted with technological forms based on
the quest for light weight and performance. The gilded finish is an
obvious reference to the racing berlinettas of the Sixties and
Seventies, even if the treatment is up to date and the surfaces of
the spokes are in hand-brushed aluminium.
Aerodynamic studies for a
comfortable lightweight sports car
Changes in the body with
which the Pininfarina Style Centre has transformed the original car.
A Ferrari 458 Spider, into a barchetta were supported by
calculations and tests in the Grugliasco wind tunnel to optimise
aerodynamic performance. In particular, a totally new body was
produced, full carbon, saving about 10% in weight compared to the
original body in aluminium, all to the benefit of acceleration and
pick-up. Compared to the original car, 21” light alloy one-stud
wheels were included, with a specific design, and a hub version
derived from the 458 Challenge; new Led taillights, new specific
headlamps inserted into the bumper; specific small doors,
window-less and opening upward by 45 degrees; new dash top; modified
seats, with new fixed head restraints, disconnected from the seat.
The roof, windscreen and rear bench seat were removed.
The aerodynamics have
made it possible to achieve interesting results, starting with the
creation of a virtual windscreen. The elimination of the windscreen
would, in fact, involve a flow of air at increasing pressure as the
car’s speed increases on the heads of the driver and passenger. The
engineers and designers at Pininfarina have therefore designed,
built and tested an airfoil placed in a recess on the front bonnet,
which produces a double deflection of the air flow entering the
passenger compartment. The first deviation is from the wing itself,
the second from the air that accelerates in the channel created
between the airfoil and the corresponding shape of the recess in the
trunk. The result is that, thanks to the virtual windscreen, the air
passes above the heads of the driver and the passenger, greatly
increasing comfort. This aerodynamic effect also contributes to
increase the down force on the car’s front axle. The virtual
windscreen is effective at speeds as low as 50 kph.
The loss of aerodynamic
load on the front axle, due to the elimination of the windscreen,
has been recovered from a wing inserted in the front bumper. The
shape and dimensions of the wing are calculated so as to give the
required load at the various speeds and, at the same time, allow
correct flow of air to the radiators of the cooling system, set
centrally at the front.
To improve the
protection of the occupants a roll-bar with a fixed spoiler
increases the down force on the rear axle. The attention to detail
goes so far as the central rear-view mirror, whose form has been
aerodynamically optimised to link up with the air flow of the
virtual windscreen. The engine’s air intake is channelled from the
air inlets in the two sides. The air vents at the base of the
roll-bar convey the cooling air to the oil coolers.
Overall, the Sergio
offers real sports performance, with a shell of torsion stiffness
which exceeds that of the original spider, thanks to the reduction
in the size of the doors, and the reduction of the total mass of
about 150 kg compared to the spider. This allows good handling and a
further improvement of acceleration, estimated at below 3.4 seconds
for 0-100 kph, at the top of its class.
length: 4550 mm
Maximum width: 1940 mm
Maximum height: 1140 mm
Boot capacity: 110 litres
Power train (original Ferrari 458 Spider): 4499cc V8;
Sequential gearbox 7M + RM
Package: 2 doors, 2 seats
Chassis: original 458 Spider
Cx XS: about 5% lower than the original car
Weight: about 1280 kg
Maximum speed: approx 320 km/h
Acceleration from 0 to 100: less than 3.4 seconds