hp @ 7000 rpm
hp per liter
(from Toyota Press
Release) World debut for Toyota GT 86 sports car at the Tokyo
driver-focused sports car, designed to recapture the fundamental
joys of motoring
• World’s most compact four-seater sports car, delivering very
low centre of gravity and excellent power-to-weight ratio
• A return to Toyota’s sporting roots, with a front-mounted
engine and rear-wheel drive package
• Powertrain combines 197bhp 2.0-litre flat-four boxer engine
with torque-enhancing D-4S injection technology
• Design achieves outstanding aerodynamics while recalling
Toyota’s sports car heritage
• New car to be called the GT 86 in Europe, in tribute to
Toyota’s GT car heritage
• On sale in the UK in June 2012
The anticipation is
over: Toyota’s new GT 86 sports car makes its world debut at the
Tokyo motor show on November 30. The compact 2+2 model, one of the
most keenly awaited new cars of the coming year, will go on sale in
the UK in June 2012.
The GT 86 has been conceived as an entirely driver-focused machine,
designed to deliver the core qualities of the classic sports car
experience. That means precise, instant response to the smallest
throttle and steering inputs and the kind of performance that
appeals to those for whom driving is a passion, not a necessity.
The GT 86 is built on a new platform, with a highly aerodynamic
bodyshell stretched tight over the car’s mechanical elements. Rather
than fitting a heavy, large capacity powertrain, Toyota has opted
instead to go back to its sporting roots, installing a compact,
front-mounted, free-revving petrol engine that drives the rear
This four-cylinder “boxer” unit generates 197bhp at 7,000rpm and
maximum torque of 205Nm at 6,600rpm, giving the GT 86 brisk,
The powertrain is matched to the world’s most compact four-seat
design to create a car that benefits from light weight, low inertia
and a low centre of gravity to achieve the best possible
power-to-weight ratio. For the driver that means lively, accessible
performance and dynamic character with minimal intrusion from
The GT 86 measures
4,240mm long, 1,285mm high and 1775mm wide, with a wheelbase of
2,570mm, dimensions which make it the most compact four-seater
sports car available today.
Both the powertrain and the driving position have been set as low
and as far back as possible to achieve the best balance: the car has
a near-perfect 53:47 front-to-rear weight distribution. The
flat-four engine format and the driver’s hip point – the lowest of
any current Toyota production model – together give the GT 86 an
ultra-low centre of gravity, at just 460mm.
The GT 86 makes the most of a light kerb weight, making it easy for
drivers to exploit its nimble handling and cornering poise. The
suspension features MacPherson struts at the front and double
wishbones at the rear. The car rides on 17-inch wheels and is fitted
with ventilated disc brakes fore and aft.
World’s first horizontally opposed
engine with D-4S
The GT 86’s engine is
the result of a joint Toyota and Subaru development programme that
brings together their technical know-how and mutual passion for
Toyota has added its D-4S injection technology to Subaru’s new,
horizontally opposed, naturally aspirated 1,998cc four-cylinder
boxer engine. This system features separate twin injectors for both
direct and port injection, and a high 12.5:1 compression ratio,
increasing power and torque across a wide range of engine speeds
without sacrificing fuel efficiency and environmental performance.
The flat-four engine has equal bore and stroke of 86.0mm and drives
through either a six-speed manual or six-speed automatic
transmission. The manual offers quick, precise shifts using a
tactile, short-throw lever; the automatic transmission can be
controlled using paddle shifts mounted on the steering wheel.
Power is distributed to the rear wheels via a limited slip
differential to give the best possible grip in all driving
conditions. The ABS and switchable vehicle stability control systems
have been tuned specifically to deliver dynamic stability at the
limit of the car’s performance envelope with minimal electronic
intervention to help preserve the purity of the driving experience.
The design of the GT 86
successfully works within the technical constraints of achieving the
most compact dimensions possible, a low centre of gravity and
aerodynamic performance inspired by motorsport technology, while
also displaying evocative, sweeping styling that recalls Toyota’s
sports car heritage.
Toyota’s new design language informs the styling, as in the way
attention is focused on the lower part of the car with the large
lower grille. Elsewhere the “keen” approach can be witnessed in the
clear, expressive lines.
The lower grille’s “scorpion” look gives the GT 86 a more powerful
appearance, with further sporting details including the
model-specific 17-inch alloy wheels, rear spoiler, twin exhausts and
the “86” piston logo that denotes the car’s special powertrain
On board, the ergonomics and function of every element the driver
interacts with have been scrutinised to make driving the car as
natural, instinctive and rewarding as possible. For example, the
steering wheel has a 365mm diameter, making it the smallest ever
fitted to a Toyota, and it is trimmed in buckskin, developed from
exhaustive feedback from test drivers on how to achieve the best
steering performance and grip.
The three-meter instrument cluster is arranged around a large
tachometer, its design benefiting from close attention to the
positioning of the displays, markings and typeface. The result is
the best possible visibility and readability. The driver-focus of
the cockpit is further reinforced by the carbon-effect trim,
all-black roof lining, red stitching on the upholstery,
aviation-style rocker switches and lightweight, aluminium pedals.
Toyota’s 50-year sports car
The GT 86 may be
launched as the world’s only current sports car to feature a
front-mounted, horizontally opposed engine and rear-wheel drive, but
it cannot claim to be the first. That honour is held by Toyota’s
two-cylinder boxer-engined Sports 800, which the company began
developing in 1962. Since then, Toyota has established a long
history of producing exciting, driver-focused sports cars with a
front-engine, rear-wheel drive format that have proved as popular
with the public as they have been successful in competition.
The beautiful 2000 GT, a coupe powered by a 2.0-litre straight-six
engine, was first displayed at the 1965 Tokyo motor show and helped
establish Toyota’s global reputation as a sports car manufacturer.
Launched in 1971, the first Celica models featured rear-wheel drive
powertrains and were praised by enthusiasts for their agility. All
four Supra generations came with straight-six engines and rear-wheel
drive, while from 1984 the MR2 won recognition as one of the best
handling sports cars in motoring history.
The inspiration for the GT 86, however, is the Corolla GT (or Levin)
AE86, a car with an enduring reputation for delivering sheer
excitement and capturing the fundamental joy of driving. Its
front-engine, rear-wheel drive package, compact dimensions, light
weight, impeccable balance and superior power-to-weight ratio made
it a must-have choice for rallying and circuit driving throughout
its production life, from 1983 to 1987. Here in the UK the GT
claimed two British Touring Car Championship titles and a series of
top-level rally victories.
The GT 86 is a genuinely lightweight machine that offers the
intimacy and involvement of a car that can be driven as though an
extension of the driver’s body. In this way, it perfectly recaptures
the exhilarating spirit of the last of the AE86. And, with numerous
customisable parts, its shares its predecessor’s aim to be an
affordable car that will evolve with its owner.