lb-ft @ 6500 rpm
hp @ 8000 rpm
lbs per hp
109.6 hp per liter
Press Release) Lamborghini Gallardo LP 570-4 Spyder
Performante – Less Weight, More Fascination
With the new Gallardo LP
570-4 Spyder Performante, Lamborghini is setting a new benchmark in
the most fascinating automobile segment of all – the open-top super
sports car. As “Performante”, the Gallardo Spyder is even lighter
thanks to CFRP technology, even more agile and even more dynamic.
The new Spyder Performante is an automotive high-performance athlete
that combines sheer sporting excellence and extreme performance with
that unique open-air feeling that only a soft-top spanning the
ten-cylinder power unit can offer. Ultimately, every spin in the
Spyder Performante is like a journey into the eye of the storm.
The Gallardo LP 560-4 Spyder is already at the peak of its game,
bearing testament to the lightweight engineering approach pursued by
the Lamborghini brand. Nevertheless, the engineers in Sant’Agata
Bolognese managed to reduce the weight of the new Spyder Performante
by a further 65 kilograms (143 lbs). The open super sports car tips
the scales with a dry weight of no more than 1.485 kilograms (3.274
lbs) – a new best for that highly exclusive market segment occupied
Just like its “brother”, the Gallardo LP 570-4 Superleggera, the
light weight of the Spyder Performante is due in large part to
exterior and interior components made from carbon-fiber. These
carbon-composite materials are perfectly suited to super sports cars
because they combine reduced weight with improved technical
characteristics. Performance is optimized as a result of lower
weight, while CO2 emissions are reduced. Lamborghini has been
leading the industry for 30 years in the application of CFRP, and
now the brand is expanding that lead even further.
The V10 power unit with a displacement of 5.2 liters generates 419
kW (570 hp) in the Spyder Performante and guarantees breathtaking
performance – it catapults the open-top LP 570-4 from 0 to 100 km/h
(0-62 mph) in a mere 3.9 seconds and keeps on going to a top speed
of 324 km/h (201 mph). The engine with “Iniezione Diretta
Stratificata” gasoline direct injection boasts extremely impressive
pulling power and a virtually endless rev range that delivers a
constant supply of spine-tingling acoustics.
The Gallardo LP 570-4 Spyder Performante is an uncompromising
driving machine. Its chassis, with its mighty brakes, is a work of
great precision, while the new 19-inch wheels with Pirelli P Zero
Corsa sports tires are extremely lightweight. The LP 570-4
Performante brings a new meaning to the term “Spyder”.
Design and aerodynamics - The
beauty of power
The elegance of every
Lamborghini rests on its extreme power and precise function. The
design of the Gallardo LP 570-4 Spyder Performante, too,
concentrates on the sheer essence of the design language - the
bodyshell is pure sculpture and free of superfluous decoration. Its
profile follows the contours of a dynamic wedge measuring 4.39
meters long, 1.90 meters wide, but only 1.18 meters high. Open or
closed, the top of the Spyder Performante can handle the very
From the very first glance, the Spyder Performante is clearly
recognizable as the open-top counterpart to the highly acclaimed and
successful Gallardo Superleggera. The exterior modifications are all
directed at increasing the aerodynamic effect in comparison to the
Gallardo Spyder. Working closely with wind tunnel experts, designers
from Lamborghini’s Centro Stile remodeled the front bumper –
three-dimensional, deeply recessed elements form trapezoidal frames
for the large air intakes. Together with the V-shaped, sharply
defined nose and the LED daytime running lights, the black elements
give the front end a razor-sharp look. The design also optimizes the
supply of cooling air and improves the downforce on the front axle.
Modifications to the fully-covered underbody, new sill elements and
a redesigned diffuser incorporating four large tailpipes also help
to achieve better aerodynamic results. A large optional rear spoiler
is also available for the Spyder Performante
The bodyshell - Intelligent
lightweight engineering with Carbon Fiber
Its bodyshell is made
from aluminum, with cast node elements and extruded profile forming
an extremely stiff framework into which the aluminum panels are
integrated. The spaceframe structure is extremely impact-resistant
and forms the basis for the super sports car’s precise handling.
Against this background, the task of reducing weight by a further 65
kilograms (143 lbs) compared to the Gallardo Spyder presented a huge
challenge to the engineers. The Lamborghini experts handled the task
as they usually do – with hi-tech competence and aesthetic flair.
With its minimal weight and extremely high stiffness, carbon-fiber
is the ideal material for a super sports car. The large panel
covering the soft-top, engine and transmission is a complex and
extremely high-quality carbon fiber component. Engineers also
selected carbon-fiber for the rear spoiler, sills, diffuser, parts
of the underbody paneling and the fine exterior mirror casings.
Carbon-fiber materials in the
components make up around 40% of the 65 kilograms saved. In the
interior, too, engineers aimed to reduce weight as much as possible.
The center tunnel cover, the door panels and the surround of the
e-gear automated manual transmission lever are made from
carbon-fiber. The high-end material is also used for the sports
seats’ shells, where they make a significant contribution to overall
Just like the rest of the cockpit, the sports seats are clad in
lightweight Alcantara instead of leather. However, weight reduction
at Lamborghini certainly does not mean sacrifice – the Gallardo LP
570-4 Spyder Performante still comes with air conditioning and
electric windows as standard.
The extent to which Lamborghini values the very highest level of
meticulous craftsmanship is immediately evident in the interior of
the Spyder Performante. All parts are perfectly designed and
assembled down to the very last detail; high-quality materials
indulge the senses. The interior retains a sporty black finish in
Alcantara. As contrasting colors for seat stitching, customers can
choose from green, yellow, orange and two shades of gray. They match
exterior paint finishes in Giallo Midas, Arancio Borealis, Grigio
Telesto, Nero Noctis and Bianco Monocerus.
The engine - 3.9 seconds from zero
to 100 km/h
In the Gallardo LP 570-4
Spyder Performante, LP stands for “Longitudinale Posteriore” and
refers to the orientation of the V10 engine – which is mounted
longitudinally behind the driver, just like every Lamborghini
engine. The number 570 refers to the maximum power output in hp,
which equates to 419 kW and is available at 8,000 rpm. Equally
impressive is the pulling power – the torque curve peaks at 540 Nm
(398,3 ft lbs) at 6,500 rpm. The increase of 7 kW (10 hp) is the
result of the new dedicated engine management strategy.
The V10 has a displacement of 5,204 cm3 and achieves a specific
output of 80.5 kW (109.6 hp) per liter. Special features on this
long-stroke engine with an aluminum crankcase include dry sump
lubrication and a cylinder angle of 90 degrees. Both solutions lower
the center of gravity, thus improving handling dynamics. To ensure
ideal combustion chamber fill, the engine has an adjustable intake
manifold and continuous control of the chain-driven camshafts.
The crankshaft is conceived as a dual-plane crank – the connecting
rods of opposing pistons share one bearing. This configuration
delivers alternating ignition intervals of 54 and 90 degrees; a
unique sequence that is the reason for the compelling, racing
car-like sound of the V10. As the revs rise, resounding bass notes
are overlaid with razor sharp harmonics.
The powerful V10, combined with the model’s weight reduction, gives
the Gallardo LP 570-4 Spyder Performante breathtaking performance.
The sprint from zero to 100 km/h (0-62 mph) takes just 3.9 seconds.
Drive continues relentlessly to a top speed of 324 km/h (201 mph).
Power transmission - Traction
The Gallardo LP 570-4
Spyder Performante comes with the e-gear transmission operated via
steering wheel paddles, as standard. The automated system with
electronic management shifts through its six gears extremely
smoothly and far more quickly than could be achieved by human
The e-gear control unit has three operating modes, two of which are
also available in automatic. The “Thrust mode” delivers maximum
off-the-line performance and is programmed to manage starting revs
of around 5,000 rpm with minimal wheel slip.
Every single kilometer in the Gallardo Spyder Performante is utterly
thrilling – not least because of the relentless traction in
practically every situation. This is largely attributable to the
four driven wheels, as indicated by the number 4 in the model name.
The permanent all-wheel drive incorporates a central viscous
coupling and a 45 percent limited slip differential on the rear
axle. In normal circumstances, the power delivered by the V10 is
channeled with a ratio of 30:70 to the front and rear axles. The
weight distribution of the superlight Gallardo is 43/57 percent
In 1993, the Diablo VT was the first Italian super sports car with
an all-wheel drive set-up, and Lamborghini has been steadily
consolidating its leadership ever since. In fact, thanks to the
car’s superior traction, Lamborghini drivers can accelerate earlier
out of a bend than drivers of rear-wheel drive cars.
The running gear - Even firmer,
even more precise
The Gallardo Spyder
Performante is a highly-concentrated driving machine – it thrills
with breathtaking cornering speeds and fast, immediate reflexes. Its
handling is always precise, stable and predictable.
The running gear layout is derived directly from motorsport. The
suspension features aluminum double wishbones, while the precise
rack-and-pinion steering keeps the driver closely connected with the
road. Its specific set-up enables the running gear to reach its full
Another special feature of the Gallardo Spyder Performante is the
incredibly light 19-inch wheels – identical to those on the Gallardo
Superleggera – which save 13 kilograms (28.6 lb). The wheel bearings
and bolts are made from titanium and are also incredibly light and
stiff. The tires are 235/35 at the front and 295/30 at the rear and
come from the Pirelli P Zero Corsa series. Developed specifically
for the new top model in the Gallardo range, they are closely
related to pure race rubber.
Behind the huge wheels are brakes that deliver uncompromising
stopping power and are managed by the standard-fit ESP stability
control system. The front wheels are served by aluminum eight-piston
calipers, with four-piston units at the rear. The ventilated brake
discs have diameters of 365 and 356 millimeters (ø 14.37 x 1.34 in
and 14.02 x 1.26 in) respectively. As an optional extra, Lamborghini
can fit extremely fade-resistant and lightweight discs made from
carbon-fiber ceramic with six-piston calipers up front. The front
ceramic discs have a diameter of 380 millimeters (ø 15 x 1.5 in).
Equipment - Hi-tech for road and
specialized carbon-fiber lightweight components, the Lamborghini
Gallardo LP 570-4 Spyder Performante is delivered ex-works with an
array of other high-end features. Highlights include the e-gear
transmission – the manual gearbox is available at no additional cost
– the dedicated chassis set-up, the Pirelli P Zero Corsa sports
tires and the sports seats. Alcantara upholstery and a hand-stitched
steering wheel clad in suede set accents in the interior.
The range of special equipment is quite particular. For the
interior, Lamborghini offers special floor mats and leather steering
wheels, a storage package and an alarm system. An additional
carbon-fiber package includes center console and instrument panel
trim, the parking brake handle, the lower part of the steering wheel
and the door handles.
Further special equipment enhances comfort and convenience - the
multimedia navigation system, the lifting system for raising the
front of the car, a garage door opener and a rear view camera.
Customers wanting to personalize their Gallardo LP 570-4 Spyder
Performante can refer to the wide-ranging options of Lamborghini’s
“Ad Personam” individualization program.
Competence - New development
center for carbon-fiber technology
With this year’s
presentation of the best-in-class Gallardo LP570-4 Superleggera at
the Geneva Auto Salon and the unveiling of the ultra-light Sesto
Elemento at the Paris Motor Show, Lamborghini has again displayed
its clear leadership in the field of carbon fiber technology. Here,
Lamborghini is building on a thirty-year history – in 1983,
Lamborghini used carbon fiber reinforced plastics to build the
famous Countach. The engine cover panel of the Gallardo Spyder and
Spyder Performante is one of the largest CFRP components with class
A surface quality in the automotive world. As a 100 percent
subsidiary of AUDI AG, the Italian super sports car manufacturer
further benefits from the lightweight construction competence of its
The company is now working steadily to expand its worldwide leading
position. In the new Advanced Composites Research Center (ACRC) at
company headquarters in Sant’Agata Bolognese, Automobili Lamborghini
S.p.A. is working on innovative construction and production methods
for carbon-fiber elements in automobile design.
The Advanced Composite Research Center in Sant’Agata Bolognese
secures leadership in the research into innovative materials and
production methods for carbon-fiber reinforced plastics with low
production volumes. More than 30 experts work here on the
development of vehicle components of all types and sizes. The
specialists build prototypes and their associated tools, and devise
optimum production methods. With sophisticated systems developed
largely in-house, engineers can precisely and reliably simulate the
technical characteristics and collision behavior of the components.
Thanks to the extensively patented “RTM Lambo” process, Lamborghini
is able to manufacture CFRP parts to the highest quality, precision
and surface finish under low pressure and at relatively low
temperatures. Higher process speeds, lower costs and simple tooling
are further benefits.
The Lamborghini Advanced Composite Structures Laboratory (ACSL) at
the University of Washington tests the behavior of a range of
materials and technologies in line with the principles adopted by
the aviation industry. Scientists in Seattle are working closely
with the Technical Development Department at Lamborghini
headquarters in Sant’Agata Bolognese.
At the 2010 Paris Motor Show, Lamborghini once again demonstrated
its outstanding expertise in carbon-fiber lightweight engineering
with the Sesto Elemento concept car – the extent of the application
of innovative materials is unparalleled. The overall weight of the
Sesto Elemento – despite its V10 power plant and all-wheel drive –
was limited to just 999 kilograms. Every new Lamborghini will
benefit from the advanced technologies in the Sesto Elemento.
The myth lives on – The open-top
super sports cars from Lamborghini
The history of open-top
Lamborghinis began with small volumes. In 1965, the company built
just two of the 350 GTS, the open-top version of the first model to
be produced in Sant’Agata Bolognese. Even more tragic from today’s
perspective is that only one copy of the exquisite P400 Miura
Roadster from 1968 was ever built. Lamborghini unveiled its first
series production open-top in 1976 with the Silhouette – its V8
mid-engine with 250 hp offered refined performance, while a
removable roof delivered that topless feeling. Its successor was the
Jalpa Speedster, which was launched in 1986. The V8 power unit with
a 90-degree cylinder bank angle was once again mounted behind the
seats, albeit enlarged to 3.5 liters – which, with the same output,
guaranteed much better torque.
In 1992 it was an open-top Lamborghini that was anointed the hero of
the Geneva Motor Show – low-set with a sharply angled windscreen and
an amazingly powerful looking rear end, the Diablo Roadster cut an
impressive figure on the Lamborghini stand. The series production
version came in 1995 – with its 5.7 liter twelve-cylinder and
all-wheel drive, it was a true super car. Its output of 492 hp
ensured it a top speed of 323 km/h with the roof open or closed. The
rear-wheel drive Diablo SV Roadster followed in 1998. Finally, the
Murciélago Roadster made its appearance in 2005 as a super-modern
interpretation of the open-top twelve-cylinder.
The true hero among the open-top Lamborghinis, however, is by far
and away the Gallardo Spyder – at least, when it comes to the number
produced. The first generation appeared in 2006, with a ten-cylinder
engine, 520 hp and an electro-hydraulic roof engineered for
high-speed driving. The second generation followed in 2008 – the
Gallardo LP 560-4 Spyder. Its designed had been sharpened even
further, its output increased to 560 hp and many detail improvement
made throughout, demonstrating the dedication that Lamborghini
applies to perfecting its super sports cars.