liter V8 hybrid
hp per liter
(from Lexus Press
Release) When the 2008 LS 600h L hybrid luxury sedan
launched the summer of 2006, it provided the highest level of
performance and technology, and the truest expression of luxury of
any Lexus ever created. The hybrid model elevated the LS to a new
level, expanding Lexus and its presence among the ever more
"The LS 600h L stands as the flagship for the Lexus brand by
providing the highest level of technical advancements, ride comfort,
safety and luxury of any vehicle in our lineup," said Mark Templin,
Lexus group vice president and general manager. "Its development
process mixed the old and the new. The old, through a
Lexus-established build process that achieves an extraordinary fit
and finish only attainable by our master craftsmen, and the new with
cutting-edge engineering innovations. Through this combination the
LS 600h L raises our own quality expectations and may rank among the
most technologically advanced automobiles in the industry."
Lexus Hybrid Drive
The all-new LS 600h L is
powered by the ultra-quiet Lexus Hybrid Drive system, the automotive
industry's most advanced gas-electric hybrid system developed to
date that features the world's first full V8, all-wheel-drive (AWD)
hybrid drivetrain. The system combines a new 5.0-liter V8 gasoline
engine with two powerful electric motors and a newly designed
large-capacity battery pack that is lighter and extremely quiet.
Together, this advanced combination provides the LS 600h L with an
unmatched balance of environmental efficiency and performance.
The LS 600h L's Lexus Hybrid Drive system provides power and
performance on par with competitors normally aspirated 12-cylinder
powerplants. The hybrid powertrain generates a peak combined output
rating of 438 horsepower and can effortlessly accelerate the LS 600h
L from zero-to-60 mph in just 5.5 seconds. Mid-range acceleration is
even more impressive. The system's electric motor is capable of
delivering maximum torque, on demand, and is most beneficial during
Finally, exhilarating torque is in abundance at higher speeds as the
LS 600h L rapidly accelerates from 50-70 mph in a rapid 3.5 seconds.
The innovative V8 features an electric-motor driven Variable Valve
Timing with intelligence and Electrically controlled intake cam (VVT-iE).
This combination of VVT-i with electric-motor driven intake and a
hydraulically controlled two-way exhaust system achieves superior
engine-startup operation and high-output performance. A newly
developed Hydrocarbon Adsorber and Catalyst (HCAC) system is linked
to the two-way exhaust to help prevent hydrocarbons contained in the
exhaust from being released into the atmosphere during cold start up
when the catalysts are not up to temperature.
The LS 600h L's high-output performance is matched with a
preliminary MY08 EPA-estimated miles-per-gallon fuel efficiency
rating of 20 in the city, and 22 on the highway. Its combined fuel
economy rating of 21 mpg is equal to or better than the combined
fuel-economy ratings of many V6 all-wheel-drive mid-sized luxury
The LS hybrid carries a Super Ultra Low Emission Vehicle (SULEV)
rating. A SULEV rating means the LS 600h L has nearly 70 percent
fewer smog forming emissions than vehicles with a conventional
internal combustion engine and cleaner than the ambient air in some
An added benefit to Lexus Hybrid Drive is the significant reduction
in noise, vibration and harshness (NVH) it delivers to the LS 600h
L. The new V8 is tuned to reduce vibration and sound by adding
additional sound insulating materials around the cylinder head
covers. Additional NVH reduction is achieved by reducing damper
pulley tensions and perfecting engine mount sizes and locations
through repeated testing by Lexus engineers. The NVH levels in the
LS 600h L are approximately half those found in other luxury cars,
making it one of the quietest automobiles ever built.
"Full Hybrid" Powertrain
The LS 600h L is defined
as a "full hybrid," capable of operating in electric-only mode or
with a combination of the gas engine and electric motor. In
contrast, other hybrid technologies require constant gas operation
and are not capable of running only on electric power alone. Lexus
hybrid technology allows electric-mode-only operation at low speeds
or stop-and-go driving conditions, reducing fuel consumption and
The hybrid system in the LS 600h L uses a 288-volt DC Nickel Metal
Hydride (Ni-MH) compact battery pack installed behind the rear seat.
The trunk also contains a 12-volt auxiliary battery that powers the
audio, navigation, and other systems. The battery's power is
directed through a "boost converter" that efficiently raises voltage
to a maximum 650V DC. An inverter changes this to AC, providing it
elevated power to a 165-kW electric motor that turns at a rate of as
much as 10,240 rpm. Lexus engineers devised a higher output inverter
that both increases output by 10 percent and makes it compact in
size and weight for easy mounting in the engine compartment.
The LS 600h L's powertrain uses two motor generators: MG1 and MG2.
Each performs specific functions and can operate as either a motor
or a generator, although MG1 is used as a starter motor and provides
no motive force. The engine-driven generator, MG1, can charge the
battery pack or provide additional power to the drive motor, MG2, as
Full-Time All-Wheel Drive
The vast power of the LS
600h L is distributed by a newly developed full-time AWD system that
delivers superior handling and traction control. This
state-of-the-art system adapts to almost any road surface to help
provide excellent vehicle stability during acceleration, high-speed
driving and cornering while also delivering the natural handling
feel of a rear-wheel-drive vehicle.
The outstanding performance of the AWD system is accomplished
through a new transfer case that is ultra quiet, compact and
equipped with a unique Torsen® limited-slip differential (LSD) that
is 30 percent lighter in size and weight than previous Torsen®
systems. To maximize the AWD system's performance, the LSD features
a rear biased torque distribution of 40:60 under normal
straight-line driving. The LSD automatically and continually adjusts
power distribution between the front and rear wheels according to
changing speed and road conditions.
The micron-polished finish of the gears in the transfer case renders
remarkably low noise levels. Placement of the LSD inside the
transfer case further reduces noise and helps eliminate the
raised-floor tunnel, providing enhanced interior comfort.
Extraordinary Hybrid Transmission
The LS 600h L features a
dual-stage electronically controlled continuously variable
transmission. The combination of a V8 5.0-liter AWD system and
hybrid transmission results in impressive power and seamless
The dual-stage electronically controlled continuously variable
transmission includes eight-speed sequential braking. The sequential
braking mode is activated when the shift lever is in the "S" mode,
allowing eight different stages of response. When up-shifting,
engine speed is controlled by the selected range, offering an
exhilarating boost in acceleration during each of the eight shift
stages. When downshifting, brake-force increases allowing for an
equally exciting deceleration.
Power is controlled by a three-mode hybrid switch to allow the
driver the most effective use of torque output. The driver can
select "hybrid" (normal), "power," or "snow" options. The "hybrid"
mode provides the smoothest operation and is ideal for city or
suburban driving; "power" sharpens accelerator pedal response and
"snow" mode softens accelerator pedal response, making it easier to
accelerate on slippery road surfaces.
For the ultimate in quiet driving and low emissions the LS 600h L
features an EV drive mode. By pushing an EV switch, power reverts to
full electric mode for short-distance, slow driving situations such
as residential areas or parking garages.
Optimum Fuel Saving Technology
The LS 600h L is
equipped with a power-steering system and air-conditioning
compressor that are electrically powered to reduce parasitic losses
to the engine, thereby helping improve fuel consumption. This is
necessary because, as a fuel-saving benefit of the hybrid system,
the gas engine often shuts down, particularly when the vehicle is
stopped or driven slowly in traffic. Additionally, demand on the air
conditioner is reduced through the use of ultraviolet and infrared
ray-reducing tinted glass on all windows.
A regenerative-braking system further boosts efficiency. When the
vehicle is coasting or the brakes are applied, the electric motors
function as generators, capturing kinetic energy that would normally
be lost as heat through the brakes and transforming it into useable
electricity to recharge the batteries.
acceleration of the LS 600h L is matched by responsive handling that
includes a class-leading turning radius while maintaining the
ultra-comfortable ride that has become synonymous with all Lexus
vehicles. Lexus engineers developed multi-link front- and
rear-suspension systems to achieve outstanding adaptability to
unevenness in road surfaces, including a new multi-link front
suspension exclusive to the LS 600h L. This new suspension helps
overcome under-steering and drifting situations common when driving
an AWD vehicle at high speeds. A newly developed front suspension
and an optional active stabilizer help maintain exceptional vehicle
control and ride comfort during high-speed lane changes or driving
on winding roads.
External cylinder-restriction air springs smoothly absorb shock,
achieving ride comfort without roll sensation or vibration due to
road conditions. A standard air suspension control system helps
maintain superb vehicle posture and stable driving performance with
minimal pitching and rolling.
The LS 600h L is equipped with large front- and rear-ventilated disc
brakes and standard 19-inch, seven-spoke aluminum alloy wheels with
all-season tires. These special wheels receive extensive buffing,
and their shape is meticulously analyzed to create a form with shade
depths that shift when the vehicle is in motion.
The LS 600h L is controlled by Electronic Power Steering (EPS),
which delivers a smooth steering feel that supports the multilink
suspension and large-diameter tires. The EPS motor creates a
steering impression that responds to the driver's touch and provides
a responsive feel when cornering.
Variable Gear Ratio Steering (VGRS) is integrated into the
steering-gear housing to optimize the steering gear ratio according
to vehicle speed, enhancing responsiveness and driver control. VGRS
also partners with the Vehicle Dynamics Integrated Management (VDIM)
system, making minor adjustments to the front-wheel angle to help
provide improved stability in challenging road conditions.
Elegant Styling and Appointments
Over the last three
years, Lexus has developed its L-finesse styling philosophy. This
new design language rests upon the inherent contrast between
simplicity and elegance, and the beauty of achieving a balance
between the two. Like the LS 460, GS, IS and ES, the all-new LS 600h
L flagship adopts this philosophy, revealing a family resemblance in
the new Lexus sedans – one that conveys elegance, refinement and a
strong emotional appeal.
With the new LS 600h L, designers have achieved a new level of
meticulous detail, polished excellence and engaging comfort that is
unique to Lexus. Styled at the Global Design Center in Tokyo, the LS
600h L uses complex lines and surfaces throughout the body. Exterior
design cues embody a dignified strength, yet a sense of emotion and
aggressiveness is exemplified in the continuous flow of the hood and
bumper. The LS 600h L adopts the forceful profile, portraying a
sense of power combined with an image of increasing speed. Minimal
body gaps, a low front grille and deep-drawn fenders all contribute
to this look.
Stylish projector-type headlamps with blue crystal rings, which also
include the world's first night-time LED low beams, provide
excellent visibility and contribute to the LS 600h L styling theme.
Blue accents on the front headlamps, taillamps, badging, engine
cover and the SmartAccess key fobs and Smart Card key are unique to
the LS 600h L.
Passenger space and luxury comfort were the primary focus of the
interior cabin design. Genuine semi-aniline leather is featured
throughout the cabin, its rich appearance softened and structured
with additional stitching to create a relaxed atmosphere. The
leather-trim extends beyond the seats and onto the instrument panel,
upper front doors and door armrests. The center console adds to
passenger comfort and convenience through perfect angle placement
for ease of use from either the driver or front passenger seat and
is placed at the same height as the door armrests for a comfortable
balance. Additional luxury touches unique to the LS 600h L includes
a wood-trimmed and chrome-plated shift knob and wood-trimmed assist
Advanced Safety Technologies
Cutting-edge active and
passive safety technologies combine in the LS 600h L to create one
integrated system. Active safety features include the Vehicle
Dynamics Integrated Management (VDIM) stability system, which
assimilates and manages the Electronically Controlled Brake (ECB)
system, EPS, Vehicle Stability Control (VSC), Antilock Braking
System (ABS), Electronic Brake-force Distribution (EBD) and engine
torque via the electronically controlled throttle. Monitoring a
variety of sensors, the system anticipates the onset of a vehicle
skid or slide while cornering, and then helps correct the situation
with a combination of braking, throttle and steering control in a
way that is essentially transparent to the driver. The VDIM system
gathers data from more sources, processed earlier and faster than in
previous designs, which helps make the LS 600h L's system even more
seamless and effective. VSC can also be turned off by the driver via
the Trac Off button. In addition to the active safety features, the
LS 600h L is standard-equipped with eight standard airbags, with a
maximum of 11 airbags available through option packages.
Lexus engineers have also developed an Advanced Pre-Collision System
(APCS). It is the world's first system designed to help detect
pedestrians in the vehicle's path. APCS, with two small cameras
mounted at the front of the car that work in conjunction with
millimeter-wave radar, is sensitive enough to detect certain
As part of APCS the LS also offers the world's first Driver Monitor
System. A third camera, mounted on the steering column, monitors the
orientation of the driver's face. If the camera detects that it
appears the driver is not looking directly ahead for a few seconds
or more, and if an obstacle is detected ahead, then it alerts the
driver first with a warning chime and a flashing light. As the car
gets closer to the obstacle, APCS can begin to gently apply the
brakes on its own. To assist the driver in maneuvering around the
obstacle, the system reprograms the steering ratio, amplifying the
intensity and quickness of the steering response.
While all of this is happening, the system automatically retracts
the front seatbelts and prepares the brake system to respond with
full force when activated by the driver in anticipation of a
Refined Comfort and Convenience
The LS600h L delivers
nearly five inches more legroom than the LS 460. It also provides
the highest level of comfort and convenience features among all LS
models. Standard features include a hard disk drive (HDD) Lexus
Navigation system with a backup camera and Bluetooth® technology and
voice activation, and XM factory-installed satellite radio with
real-time traffic displays and dynamic route guidance. For genuine
theater-level entertainment, the LS 600h L features a standard
19-speaker 450-watt Mark Levinson® Reference Surround Sound audio
system, raising the bar for automotive sound systems. A portion of
the HDD is dedicated to storing as many as 2,000 (128-bit) digital
songs. An auxiliary jack located in the front center console allows
for iPod or MP3 capable digital music players.
Additional standard features include an Adaptive Front lighting
System (AFS), climate-controlled front seats, heated rear seats, a
heated steering wheel, power rear sunshade, one-touch open/close
power trunk, power door closers, headlamp washers, SmartAccess with
push-button start and card key, electronic parking brake, Intuitive
Park Assist, and laminated side glass.
A list of optional conveniences includes an Advanced Parking
Guidance System (APGS) to assist with parallel and back-in parking.
Once the driver has correctly positioned the car and identified the
desired parking spot via the navigation screen, APGS utilizes the
rear back-up camera parking sonar sensors and electric power
steering system to guide the car into the spot, while the driver
controls speed via braking.
Special option packages offer unique features for the ultimate touch
of luxury. The Premium Package includes climate comfort rear seats
with a heat/cool knob, rear power seats with memory, rear power
headrests, rear seat side airbags, Lexus Link and APGS. The
left-side rear power seat has a built-in 28-degree angle and
reclines up to 38 degrees and the rear seat moves front to back
approximately three inches.
The Premium Package II includes all features in the Premium Package
and a heater control panel, four-zone climate control, rear audio
controls, additional wood trim, rear air purifier, rear cool box,
rear headliner and side air ducts, power rear-door sunshades, and a
rear seat entertainment system equipped with a power ceiling-mounted
nine-inch screen for DVD viewing.
The Executive Class Seating Package II includes all features in the
Premium Package II and features a power right rear seat that
reclines up to 45 degrees with an upper-back recliner featuring a
17-degree angle adjustment. A multi-function massage feature
includes an enhanced massage mode for the right-rear seat recliner
that can be used separately or in conjunction with the seat heater
and cooler. The package also includes a rear-seat wood-trimmed table
and the rear-seat entertainment system features wireless headphones.
The rear climate control is upgraded with three infrared sensors
located in the headliner that measure lap, upper body and seat on
each side and then adjusts airflow accordingly.
An Active Power Stabilizer is also available and features 19-inch
summer tires, high-friction brakes and an active-stabilizer system
to help reduce body roll.
Beyond the advanced
technology and endless array of comfort and convenience features, at
the heart of the LS 600h L is the meticulous pursuit of perfection
for which Lexus has always stood. This is especially evident in the
new LS build process. Through the use of a revolutionary production
process, Lexus has elevated the bar on what has already been
globally recognized as the best production facility in the world. A
build process was developed specifically for the LS line at the
award-winning assembly plant in Tahara, Japan. With remarkable
levels of fit, finish, accuracy and refinement achieved through the
combined skill, knowledge, and pride of Lexus master craftsmen and
advanced technology, the LS 600h L exemplifies "world's best."
All new Lexus vehicles
come with a 48-month/50,000-mile basic limited warranty with
roadside assistance for 48-months/unlimited miles. Powertrain and
restraint system coverage is provided for 72 months/70,000 miles.
Corrosion perforation protection is covered for 72 months,
regardless of mileage. The hybrid-related components, including the
HV battery, battery control module, hybrid control module and
inverter with converter, are covered for eight years/100,000 miles.